Current state of research
The hamlet of Hutstein was first mentioned in documents in 1509 when Tameln (probably Thomas) paid taxes to the Rannariedl lordship on Huestain. Over time, this Huestain hamlet close by became the hamlet of Hutstein, with a farm belonging to the Rannariedl dominion and another farm belonging to the Falkenstein dominion.
Obviously the ancestry of the Hutsteiner families can now be traced back to the inhabitants of this hamlet, which earlier apparently belonged partly to the parish of Wegscheid in Lower Bavaria and partly to the parish of Pfarrkirchen in Mühlviertel and is now located just across the border in Upper Austria.
Interestingly, the hamlet of Hutstein had two fiefs, the first of which was under the rule of Rannariedl from 1509, the second to the rule of Falkenstein, which was documented from 1537. Both fiefdoms were of the same size. Likely the first fiefdom was not divided as both were subject to different lords. We can assume that two different families sat on these two fiefdoms, whose descendants later received the surname Hutsteiner, but possibly no direct family relationship existed.
The first explicit documentary recording of the family name Hutsteiner took place in 1543 when Lienhard Huetstainer received permission to build a mill on the Osterbach near Messnerschlag. The next in 1581 when a tax document from Rannariedl mentioned Steffan Hutsteiner.
The Hutsteiner family name was established at the beginning of the 17th century only. Before that the name appears very rarely in the existing documents, although many other family names have already been used, so that we have to assume that a stroke of luck in history has made the name survive the times.
Nevertheless, the Hutsteiner families continued to expand in the Mühlviertel / Upper Austria and Lower Bavaria / Hochstift Passau areas by the middle of the 17th century.
Another important record of the family name took place on September 1st, 1644 as Ferdinand Herberstain, priest of Soc. Jesu and Rector of the Imperial College of Linz, landlord of the Ottensheim dominion, gave Andreas Huetstainer, citizen and provost of Pfarrkirchen, various tithes in Pfarrkirchen and Sarleinsbach parish as fiefs, and notarized a certain social rise of an Hutsteiner.
The descendants of Michael Hutsteiner experience such a rise.
From 1638, a Michael Huetstainer appears in the court files of the Wiesenburg office in Saxony and from 1641 in the Protestant parish registers of Kirchberg near Zwickau in Saxony, who was certainly immigrated in Hartmannsdorf near Kirchberg, as there were no further entries in the court books of any Hutsteiners in this area recorded before 1638.
If you take a closer look at the history of this village of Hartmannsdorf, it is noticeable that around 1633 it was almost extinct due to the pest plague. It was reported that total of 8 families had survived only. During this period, protestants were also expelled from the Habsburg lands, who were accepted by the Elector in Saxony and settled around the Ore Mountains. Unfortunately, it has not yet been possible to establish a direct connection here, especially because the Kirchberg church records are under lock still.
But there is a certain probability that Michael Hutsteiner is sometimes called “Huet” or “Huettenstainer” in Saxony, which was the original name of Hutsteiner in the land of the Rannariedl and Falkenstein domains and etymologically indicates an ancestry from the Bavarian-speaking area. He is also referred to as Huettenstainer, which may specifically refer to the name of the hamlet Huettenstain (Hutstein) in the Urbar Rannariedl from 1607. In addition, in Upper Austria (e.g. in Freistadt) protestant priests from Saxony were active as missionaries in the decades before the expulsion.
Looking at the available court documents from Wiesenburg, it is noticeable that Michael Hutsteiner, a shoemaker, made several purchases around 1640, which suggests a certain level of prosperity. This in turn also matches the copies from Freistadt, the only city in the Mühlviertel where our hamlet Hutstein is located, where apparently many better-off residents left the country with the first wave of displaced persons.
It remains to be mentioned that already processed files in Saxony nowadays contain a note about Michael Hutsteiner that his first wedding was probably around 1615. The origin of this information could not yet be determined, but is probably in the court documents, e.g. as a birth letter of one of his descendants or any guild letter.
The great-grandson of Michael Hutsteiner, who immigrated to Saxony – also Michael – later came to Dillenburg, Hessen-Nassau, around 1734 on an yet unknown path. Since he probably had close ties to the military and the court in Dresden, he must have been sent to Hessen as support by the Elector in Saxony. Saxony was heavily active in Hessen-Nassau at the time, because the Electress came from there and the Saxon Elector raised claims in neighbouring counties (Berg, Kleve ..).
At around the same time, his uncle Christian was stationed with the Saxon army in Warsaw, where he was promoted to the Saxon travel cashier. From 1763, when Saxony had to give up royal dignity in Poland, he returned and founded a family from which a well-known artillery colonel, Christian Heinrich Huthsteiner, emerged, who fought first for and then against Napoleon.
Back to Michael Hutsteiner in Dillenburg: he becomes the ancestor of most of the Protestant Huthsteiners still known today – often spelled with ‘th’ from then on – in Hessen-Nassau and neighbouring areas and of most of the Hut (h) steiner families living in the USA today.
It is important to list other Hutstein families whose ancestry has not yet been clarified: from 1713 on, this includes a family of Johann Adam Hutstein, who had descendants in the Bad Schwalbach region and their occupation often was shepherd and of catholic religion. Presumably he is a descendant of Carl Hutsteiner from Budweis, son of Vitus Hutsteiner, who appeared around 1670 in Martinsthal, Rheingau. All of the following families appear in the vicinity north of Marthinsthal, which means that a coincidence can be ruled out. However, there is still no written evidence of these descendants.
In addition, there was at least one family in Geldern around 1634, in the neighbourhood of the Netherlands, in which a Hutstein family can also be found. It can be assumed, however, that this family, like the Jewish families of this name, either came into being independently of our family or came to this name by chance through a spelling mistake in the records. Further research will perhaps show whether there are any connections to the extended family from the Upper Austrian Mühlviertel.
As a final result it can be stated today that all except the Jewish Hutstein families have their origins in the hamlet of Hutstein in Upper Austria.