I.5 Approx. 1490: birth of first known Hutsteiner

The first known Hutsteiner is Tameln (or Tommln)- likely the austro-bavarian pronounciation of ‘Thomas’ – living in Hutstein, Austria. The correct reading is disputed as other historians interpret it as “Tameln” while I’m interpreting it as Tommln. According our local dialect nowadays spoken it should be Tameln.

Tameln is mentioned in an old cadastre document (Urbar) of 1509 and a tax document of 1509 available in the states archive of Austria, Vienna. This also means that he was born approximately 1490 as usually young people were awarded with a fief to keep the changing of owners low. 

In fact, in this document he is not really designated as ‘Hutsteiner’, as surnames did arise during these times only, but living in the hamlet of Hutstein made him an ‘Hutsteiner’, or in a more correct way a ‘Huetstainer’ in local dialect. 

Urbar 1509: Tammln at the Huestain

It does not necessarily mean that all known Hutstein families descended from him – definitely not.

First, it was common in this region that some people who changed their home / living place got the surname derived from this place or the name of the farm they occupied. I.e. if Tameln changed his location or farm he got a new surname afterwards. And this could happen several times. 

This also means that all known Hutsteiner families of the Austro-Bavarian lines do not implicitly be close relatives. They may have their origin in different families but once they lived in Hutstein, they got the surname ‘Huetstainer’ during the formation of surnames, too. And changing the home or living place was as common as nowadays. But as most people in this low populated area are related quite close to each other this is – for sure – the case for the Huetstainer families, too. 

By the way: this changing of surnames according to the living location obviously did stop in the Wegscheid parish district obviously before the 1600s. But there are other areas in Bavaria and Austria where it was common until the 1730s.

During my researches I found families, which changed their surname 3 times within a decade during the 1690s. Fortunately, I could not observe any surname change of any documented Hutsteiner family.

Second, shortly after 1509 there had been two fiefs at Hutstein, one belonging to the dominion of Falkenstein, the other to Rannariedl. 

So, we had two of our family lines at Hutstein: the first one started with Tameln (Thomas) Hutsteiner around 1509 in Rannariedl dominion and ended around 1581 with Steffan Hutsteiner, the second one started with Hannsl (Johann) Hutsteiner around 1537 in Falkenstein dominion and probably ended around 1630 with Zacharias Hutsteiner.  Whether Hannsl was a descendant of Tameln or from another family probably never will be clarified, but as the second fief was within another dominion likely it had been another family.

 

tax document of 1509: Thomml at Huestain

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