An Exulant

Michael Hutsteiner, born around 1590, probably was an Exulant – a protestant who was forced to leave the country – from the Austrian empire. Likely, he migrated from the upper part of the so called “Mühlviertel” in Upper Austria to Hartmannsdorf, Saxony around the 1630s. First known document mentions him in 1637 there, unfortunately the name of his first wife is still unknown.

From 1626 to 1630 Lutheran inhabitants of the Austrian empire had to decide to convert back to Catholicism or leave the country. Additionally 1626 there had been a peasant war in and around the Mühlviertel, the north-eastern part of Upper Austria – Upper Austria was occupied by Bavaria -, bordering to Bohemia (Czech kingdom). During this time many families left the area, likely our Michael Hutsteiner, too.

E.g. in Freistadt, the only town in the Mühlviertel and an hot-spot of Lutheran life, about 50-60% of all inhabitants left until 1630.

Von Ludwig Richter, Maler und Grafiker des 19. Jahrhunderts – Ludwig Richter fertigte die Grafik 1834 an, CC-BY 4.0

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